Introduction to Pronouns

Pronouns from the Spanish in Texas Corpus

A pronoun is a word used to replace a noun. It is commonly used to avoid repeating a previously mentioned noun known as the antecedent. In the following example, the pronoun ella  is used to replace the underlined antecedent una hermana.

Tengo una hermana que vive en la Florida en Jensen Beach. Ella está allá, es mayor que yo dos años.
I have a sister who lives in Florida in Jensen Beach. She is there, she is two years older than I am.

Types of Pronouns

The different kinds of pronouns are named according to their grammatical function.

Subject Pronouns

yo I nosotros/nosotras we
él/ella/usted he/she/formal you ellos/ellas/ustedes they/you plural

Direct Object Pronouns

me me nos us
te you  
lo/la him/her/it/formal you los/las them/you plural

Reflexive Pronouns

me myself nos ourselves
te yourself  
se himself/herself/itself
se them/plural you

Demonstrative Pronouns

Singular Plural Translation
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine Neuter
este esta estos estas esto this, these
ese esa esos esas eso that, those
aquel aquella aquellos aquellas aquello that, those (far in distance or time)

Relative Pronouns

  • quien, quienes  who/whom
  • que, el/la/los/las que, el/la/los/las cual that
  • cuyo/cuya/cuyos/cuyas whose

Indefinite Pronouns

  • alguien someone
  • algo something
  • nadie no one
  • nada nothing
  • muchos many
  • pocos few

Interrogative Pronouns*

  • qué what
  • quién/quiénes who
  • dónde where
  • cómo how
  • cuándo when
  • cuál which

*These pronouns have an accent mark when they are used in a question or indirect question but otherwise don’t have an accent mark. Compare the two examples below.

¿Cuándo y dónde naciste?
When and where were you born?
El área de donde yo vengo es un área muy árida.
The area where I come from is very arid.