Demonstrative Determiners

Singular Plural Translation
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
este esta estos estas this, these
ese esa esos esas that, those
aquel aquella aquellos aquellas that, those (far in distance or time)

Forms

Demonstrative determiners, also called  demonstrative adjectives, are used to point out things or people. Like all adjectives and determiners, they agree in number and gender with the noun they introduce.

Uses

Demonstrative determiners can designate something close, este, far away, ese, or even further aquel. These determiners can be used to indicate distance both in space, as in the first example este país, and in time, as in the third example aquellos años.

Es lo que me gusta de este país, porque nunca, nunca terminas de estudiar.
It’s what I like about this country because you never ever stop studying.
No hablo ese tipo de lenguaje.
I don’t speak that type of language.
Cuando primero estaba en el primer grado, en aquellos años nos decían que no habláramos español.
When first I was in first grade, in those years they told us not to speak Spanish.